APEC-FLOWS GOAL

Reducing food losses and waste (FLW) is an urgent issue around the world and in Asia-Pacific Region. Although the assessment of global losses along the food chain is fraught with considerable uncertainties, there is no doubt that FLW are substantial. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) estimates that roughly one third of food produced for human consumption gets lost or wasted globally. This amounts to approximately 1.3 billion tons per year.


As specified in the APEC Food Security Roadmap towards 2020 (APEC China, 2014): “APEC economies will strive to reduce FLW by 10% compared with 2011-2012 levels by 2020 in the Asia-Pacific Economies, aim to advance beyond the Millennium Development Goals 2015: Hunger Goals”.

APEC Project on Food Losses and Waste System (APEC-FLOWS) is a platform to share
Information on FLW quantification method and database
Toolkits and best practices to reduce FLW
APEC-FLOWS receives core funding from Chinese Taipei and the APEC Multi-Year Project (M SCE 02 2013A) – Strengthening Public-Private Partnership to Reduce Food Losses in the Supply Chain.
Support capacity building needs of APEC member economies on FLW reduction toward APEC goal 10% FLW reduction by 2020
APEC MEMBER ECONOMIES MAP
01
Australia
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 20,827.60 851.96 40,905.47 17.87 6,151.36 295.35
2008 21,249.20 1,052.58 49,535.26 18.16 6,688.75 314.78
2009 21,691.70 926.45 42,709.80 18.20 6,640.96 306.15
2010 22,031.75 1,144.26 51,936.89 17.74 6,654.15 302.03
2011 22,340.02 1,394.28 62,411.79 17.54 6,769.86 303.04
2012 22,742.48 1,543.41 67,864.69 17.07 82.10 7,056.11 310.26
2013 23,145.90 1,573.70 67,990.29 16.08 81.40 6,977.72 301.47
2017 24,598.93 1,323.42 53,799.94 83.50
02
Brunei Darussalam
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 374.864 12.25 32672.36717 22.45018193 32.12 85.67
2008 379.252 14.39 37951.2806 24.04688439 33.44 88.18
2009 383.772 10.73 27965.47504 20.48624704 32.44 84.54
2010 388.662 13.71 35268.10117 21.10594553 34.27 88.19
2011 394.013 18.53 47017.0273 24.60717794 31.15 79.05
2012 399.748 19.05 47651.25909 24.18076388 34.84 87.17
2013 405.716 18.09 44597.27968 19.23359197 37.48 92.38
2017 428.70 12.13 28,290.59 19.23
03
Canada
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 32,887.93 1,464.98 44,544.53 16.86 10,573.80 321.51
2008 33,245.77 1,549.13 46,596.34 16.88 10,670.83 320.97
2009 33,628.57 1,371.15 40,773.45 15.96 10,555.69 313.89
2010 34,005.27 1,613.46 47,447.48 15.72 10,666.51 313.67
2011 34,342.78 1,788.65 52,082.21 15.64 10,554.73 307.33
2012 34,750.55 1,824.29 52,496.69 14.89 82.80 10,958.02 315.33
2013 35,152.37 1,842.63 52,418.32 14.71 81.60 11,563.98 328.97
2017 36,708.08 1,653.04 45,032.12 82.50
04
Chile
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 16,491.69 173.61 10,526.88 4.34 4,475.77 271.40
2008 16,661.94 179.64 10,781.37 4.31 4,604.50 276.35
2009 16,829.44 172.39 10,243.33 13.97 4,611.59 274.02
2010 16,993.35 218.54 12,860.18 4.25 4,790.46 281.90
2011 17,153.36 252.25 14,705.69 4.62 5,151.47 300.32
2012 17,309.75 267.12 15,431.90 4.68 71.0 5,136.04 296.71
2013 17,462.98 278.38 15,941.40 4.77 71.20 5,232.90 299.66
2017 18,054.73 277.08 15,346.45 74.70
05
China
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 1,317,885.00 3,552.18 2,695.37 5.33 340,925.98 258.69
2008 1,324,655.00 4,598.21 3,471.25 5.70 357,622.01 269.97
2009 1,331,260.00 5,109.95 3,838.43 6.01 364,327.99 273.67
2010 1,337,705.00 6,100.62 4,560.51 6.56 377,785.06 282.41
2011 1,344,130.00 7,572.55 5,633.80 7.24 391,452.51 291.23
2012 1,350,695.00 8,560.55 6,337.88 7.42 62.5 401,756.69 297.44
2013 1,357,380.00 9,607.22 7,077.77 7.56 62.5 409,308.37 301.54
2017 1,386,395.00 12,237.70 8,826.99 64.20
06
Hong Kong, China
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 6,916.30 211.60 30,594.02 6.32 779.29 112.67
2008 6,957.80 219.28 31,515.66 6.32 757.79 108.91
2009 6,972.80 214.05 30,697.34 6.04 767.95 110.13
2010 7,024.20 228.64 32,550.00 5.79 793.27 112.93
2011 7,071.60 248.51 35,142.49 6.19 790.51 111.79
2012 7,150.10 262.63 36,730.88 6.07 852.73 119.26
2013 7,178.90 275.70 38,403.78 6.27 835.02 116.32
2017 7,391.70 341.45 46,193.61
07
Indonesia
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 232,989.14 432.22 1,855.09 1.61 29,542.98 126.80
2008 236,159.28 510.23 2,160.53 1.76 30,986.59 131.21
2009 239,340.48 539.58 2,254.45 1.87 32,570.88 136.09
2010 242,524.12 755.09 3,113.48 1.77 32,745.01 135.02
2011 245,707.51 892.97 3,634.28 2.46 33,433.10 136.07
2012 248,883.23 917.87 3,687.95 2.56 50.3 35,423.05 142.33
2013 252,032.26 912.52 3,620.66 1.95 50.3 34,674.34 137.58
2017 263,991.38 1,015.54 3,846.86 53.20
08
Japan
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 128,001.00 4,515.26 35,275.23 9.78 17,159.00 134.05
2008 128,063.00 5,037.91 39,339.30 9.45 16,807.59 131.24
2009 128,047.00 5,231.38 40,855.18 8.62 16,388.74 127.99
2010 128,070.00 5,700.10 44,507.68 9.15 16,080.96 125.56
2011 127,833.00 6,157.46 48,168.00 9.32 16,206.21 126.78
2012 127,629.00 6,203.21 48,603.48 9.64 79.6 16,680.60 130.70
2013 127,445.00 5,155.72 40,454.45 9.78 77.7 16,512.93 129.57
2017 126,785.80 4,872.14 38,428.10 79.80
09
Republic of Korea
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 48,683.64 1,122.68 23,060.71 10.18 9,109.86 187.12
2008 49,054.71 1,002.22 20,430.64 10.35 9,671.52 197.16
2009 49,307.84 901.93 18,291.92 10.32 9,500.87 192.68
2010 49,554.11 1,094.50 22,086.95 11.44 8,932.03 180.25
2011 49,936.64 1,202.46 24,079.79 11.80 9,468.53 189.61
2012 50,199.85 1,222.81 24,358.78 11.63 74.6 9,254.49 184.35
2013 50,428.89 1,305.60 25,890.02 11.75 74.6 9,540.82 189.19
2017 51,466.20 1,530.75 29,742.84 74.90
10
Malaysia
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 26,625.85 193.55 7,269.17 6.94 2,670.92 100.31
2008 27,111.07 230.81 8,513.63 7.53 2,752.83 101.54
2009 27,605.38 202.26 7,326.74 7.20 2,866.48 103.84
2010 28,112.29 255.02 9,071.36 7.77 3,030.27 107.79
2011 28,635.13 297.95 10,405.12 7.70 3,111.20 108.65
2012 29,170.46 314.44 10,779.51 7.50 67.20 3,176.20 108.88
2013 29,706.72 323.28 10,882.29 7.96 67.00 3,231.13 108.77
2017 31,624.26 314.50 9,944.90 67.50
11
Mexico
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 111,836.35 1,052.70 9,412.83 4.30 21,496.65 192.22
2008 113,661.81 1,109.99 9,765.72 4.34 21,822.02 191.99
2009 115,505.23 900.05 7,792.25 4.12 21,079.92 182.50
2010 117,318.94 1,057.80 9,016.46 3.96 21,386.65 182.29
2011 119,090.02 1,180.49 9,912.58 4.07 21,279.16 178.68
2012 120,828.31 1,201.09 9,940.47 4.11 67.50 22,290.21 184.48
2013 122,535.97 1,274.44 10,400.56 4.00 66.60 22,844.82 186.43
2017 129,163.28 1,149.92 8,902.83 66.40
12
New Zealand
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 4,223.80 137.32 32,510.08 7.96 1,544.73 365.72
2008 4,259.80 133.28 31,287.78 8.03 1,577.17 370.24
2009 4,302.60 121.34 28,201.23 7.53 1,594.23 370.53
2010 4,350.70 146.58 33,692.01 7.31 1,592.43 366.02
2011 4,384.00 168.46 38,426.55 7.19 1,615.70 368.54
2012 4,408.10 176.19 39,970.26 7.75 81.1 1,647.51 373.75
2013 4,442.10 190.79 42,949.33 7.53 80.9 1,695.50 381.69
2017 4,793.90 205.85 42,940.58 81.20
13
Papua New Guinea
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 6,627.92 9.55 1,440.13 0.92
2008 6,787.19 11.67 1,719.52 0.71
2009 6,947.45 11.62 1,672.49 0.73
2010 7,108.24 14.25 2,004.82 0.67
2011 7,269.35 17.98 2,474.06 0.73
2012 7,430.84 21.30 2,865.87 0.68
2013 7,592.87 21.26 2,800.17 0.81
2017 8,251.16 21.09 2,555.85
14
Peru
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 28,292.72 102.17 3,611.21 1.52 5,998.08 212.00
2008 28,641.98 120.55 4,208.88 1.43 6,342.01 221.42
2009 29,001.51 120.82 4,166.09 1.78 6,464.99 222.92
2010 29,373.65 147.53 5,022.49 1.96 6,674.68 227.23
2011 29,759.99 171.76 5,771.57 1.67 6,982.08 234.61
2012 30,158.97 192.65 6,387.79 1.83 55.6 7,301.38 242.10
2013 30,565.72 201.22 6,583.12 1.87 55.7 7,548.89 246.97
2017 32,165.49 211.39 6,571.93 59.50
15
Philippines
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 89,293.49 149.36 1,672.69 0.81 13,392.65 149.98
2008 90,751.86 174.20 1,919.47 0.87 13,912.82 153.31
2009 92,220.88 168.33 1,825.34 0.84 14,191.84 153.89
2010 93,726.62 199.59 2,129.50 0.91 14,411.03 153.76
2011 95,277.94 224.14 2,352.52 0.90 14,472.10 151.89
2012 96,866.64 250.09 2,581.82 0.94 51.8 14,807.79 152.87
2013 98,481.03 271.84 2,760.29 1.00 48.9 14,739.69 149.67
2017 104,918.09 313.60 2,988.95 49.00
16
Russian
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 142,805.09 1,299.71 9,101.25 11.67 38,051.24 266.46
2008 142,742.35 1,660.84 11,635.26 12.01 36,523.68 255.87
2009 142,785.34 1,222.64 8,562.81 11.02 37,264.46 260.98
2010 142,849.45 1,524.92 10,674.99 11.69 32,716.71 229.03
2011 142,960.87 2,051.66 14,351.21 12.33 38,027.15 266.00
2012 143,201.68 2,210.26 15,434.57 12.78 67.4 36,900.22 257.68
2013 143,506.91 2,297.13 16,007.09 12.39 66.4 37,661.15 262.43
2017 144,495.04 1,577.52 10,743.10 66.20
17
Singapore
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 4,588.60 179.98 39,223.58 4.34
2008 4,839.40 192.23 39,721.05 7.47
2009 4,987.57 192.41 38,577.56 11.21
2010 5,076.73 236.42 46,569.68 10.96
2011 5,183.69 275.97 53,237.56 8.72
2012 5,312.44 290.67 54,715.69 6.85 83.2
2013 5,399.16 304.45 56,389.18 10.31 83.2
2017 5,612.25 1,577.52 10,743.10 85.00
18
Chinese Taipei
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 22,958.00 408.22 17,780.93 12.98 3,285.63 143.11
2008 23,037.00 417.04 18,102.95 12.24 3,243.40 140.79
2009 23,120.00 392.11 16,959.78 11.49 3,210.90 138.88
2010 23,162.00 446.14 19,261.67 12.24 3,343.61 144.36
2011 23,225.00 485.67 20,911.64 12.43 3,444.94 148.33
2012 23,316.00 495.92 21,270 12.09 74.80 3,378.27 144.89
2013 23,374.00 511.60 21,887.99 12.17 74.40 3,410.78 145.92
2017 23,571.00 572.59 24,292.09
19
Thailand
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 66,195.62 262.94 3,972.21 3.81 15,831.84 239.17
2008 66,545.76 291.38 4,378.69 3.79 14,826.49 222.80
2009 66,881.87 281.71 4,212.05 4.00 15,809.85 236.38
2010 67,208.81 341.11 5,075.30 4.19 14,302.06 212.80
2011 67,530.13 370.82 5,491.16 4.12 14,515.94 214.95
2012 67,843.98 397.56 5,859.89 4.37 57.7 16,585.17 244.46
2013 68,143.07 420.33 6,168.39 4.40 58.5 16,491.44 242.01
2017 69,037.51 455.22 6,593.82 58.30
20
United States
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 301,231.21 14,477.64 48,061.54 19.22 96,269.55 319.59
2008 304,093.97 14,718.58 48,401.43 18.46 94,800.65 311.75
2009 306,771.53 14,418.74 47,001.56 17.16 95,849.54 312.45
2010 309,338.42 14,964.37 48,375.41 17.44 95,589.47 309.01
2011 311,644.28 15,517.93 49,793.71 16.97 95,426.47 306.20
2012 313,993.27 16,155.26 51,450.96 16.30 85.6 97,633.58 310.94
2013 316,234.51 16,691.52 52,782.09 16.31 85.2 98,138.48 310.33
2017 325,719.18 19,390.60 59,531.66 84.90
21
Viet Nam
  • Population (thousand people)
    GDP (billion current US$)
    GDP per capita (current US$)
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
  • Global Food Security Index
    Food Loss and Waste (1,000 tons/year)
    FLW per capita (kgs/person/year)
2007 85,889.59 77.41 901.32 1.22 12,774.48 148.73
2008 86,707.80 99.13 1,143.27 1.36 13,313.69 153.55
2009 87,565.41 106.01 1,210.69 1.47 13,473.93 153.87
2010 88,472.51 115.93 1,310.37 1.61 13,958.87 157.78
2011 89,436.64 135.54 1,515.48 1.70 14,353.20 160.48
2012 90,451.88 155.82 1,722.68 1.57 52.7 16,481.24 182.21
2013 91,497.73 171.22 1,871.33 1.61 53.4 16,847.60 184.13
2017 95,540.80 223.86 2,343.12 55.30
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